Unsupervised Two-Stage Anomaly Detection

Teaser Image


Anomaly detection from a single image is challenging since anomaly data is always rare and can be with highly unpredictable types. With only anomaly-free data available, most existing methods train an AutoEncoder to reconstruct the input image and find the difference between the input and output to identify the anomalous region. However, such methods face a potential problem – a coarse reconstruction generates extra image differences while a high-fidelity one may draw in the anomaly (Fig.1). In this paper, we solve this contradiction by proposing a two-stage approach, which gen- erates high-fidelity yet anomaly-free reconstructions. Our Unsupervised Two-stage Anomaly Detection (UTAD) relies on two technical components, namely the Impression Extrac- tor (IE-Net) and the Expert-Net. The IE-Net and Expert-Net accomplish the two-stage anomaly-free image reconstruction task while they also generate intuitive intermediate results, making the whole UTAD interpretable. Extensive experi- ments show that our method outperforms state-of-the-arts on four anomaly detection datasets with different types of real-world objects and textures